Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever

Viral Diseases

Animals Involved

Bats are reservoir hosts for Zaire ebolavirus and suspected reservoir hosts for others; primates, duikers, possibly other mammals can be infected

Known Distributions


Probable Means of Spreading

Contact with infected tissues (especially nonhuman primates and duikers); probable transmission from bats in caves

Clinical Manifestations in People

Initially nonspecific febrile illness; maculopapular rash with desquamation; mild to severe bleeding tendency develops a few days after onset; mortality rate 36%–90%, varies with isolate

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