Crimean­Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (see Crimean­Congo Hemorrhagic Fever)

Viral Diseases
More Information

Animals Involved

Cattle, rodents, sheep, goats, hares, other mammals, some birds

Known Distributions

Africa, Middle East, central Asia, southeastern Europe; appears to be spreading

Probable Means of Spreading

Tick bites, especially Hyalomma but also Rhipicephalus, Dermacentor, other species; skin contact with animal or human blood or tissues or crushed ticks; ingestion of unpasteurized milk

Clinical Manifestations in People

Fever, headache, pharyngitis, abdominal symptoms, petechial rash, hemorrhage, hepatitis, other organ involvement in some cases; very severe in pregnant women; case fatality rate 3%–50%, varies with region

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