Cowpox (see Pox Diseases)

Viral Diseases
More Information

Animals Involved

Rodents are usual reservoir host; also in domestic and wild cats, occasionally cattle, other mammals

Known Distributions

Parts of Europe and Asia

Probable Means of Spreading

Contact exposure via broken skin, bites, scratches

Clinical Manifestations in People

Papules, vesicles that become pustular, to ulcerative nodules, scars; single or multiple lesions, often on hands; regional adenopathy and malaise, flu­like symptoms in some; lesions remain localized in healthy people; more extensive or generalized disease may be seen in children, people with eczema, immunocompromised; severe cases can involve respiratory mucosa; rare fatal cases (eg, complications of encephalitis)

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