Alkhurma virus infection

Viral Diseases

Animals Involved

Sheep, goats, camels

Known Distributions

Middle East, mainly reported in Saudi Arabia, also Egypt

Probable Means of Spreading

Ticks (Ornithodoros and Hyalomma spp); direct contact with animal meat via broken skin or ingestion of unpasteurized camel milk linked to some cases

Clinical Manifestations in People

Febrile illness, often with GI signs (eg, vomiting, abdominal pain); encephalitic/neurologic and hemorrhagic signs in some; case fatality up to 25% in early reports, recently <1%

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