Trypanosomiasis (African sleeping sickness, see Trypanosomiasis)

Parasitic Diseases, Protozoans
More Information

Animals Involved

T brucei rhodesiense reservoirs may include cattle, sheep, antelope, hyenas, lions, other wildlife, people; also isolated from other mammals

Known Distributions

Africa; common below the Sahara desert

Probable Means of Spreading

Bite of infected tsetse fly (Glossina spp)

Clinical Manifestations in People

Painful chancre at bite site in some patients; intermittent fever, headache, adenopathy, rash, arthralgia; neurologic signs such as somnolence, seizures; cardiac complications possible; gambiense disease may last years; rhodesiense disease acute, may last weeks to months; both usually fatal without treatment

<< Back to Disease Index