Parasitic Diseases, Nematodes (Roundworms)

Animals Involved

Definitive hosts include cattle, horses, cervids, wild boars, dogs and other canids, camels, other species

Known Distributions

Distribution varies with species

Probable Means of Spreading

Probably transmitted by black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae), possibly other vectors

Clinical Manifestations in People

Ocular disease, subcutaneous nodules

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