Leishmaniosis — Visceral (Kalaazar; see Leishmaniosis)

Parasitic Diseases, Protozoans
More Information

Animals Involved

Wild canids and dogs are primary reservoirs, also in other mammals

Known Distributions

Asia, South America, Caribbean, Africa, the Middle East, Europe (Mediterranean
spreading north), North America

Probable Means of Spreading

Bite of sand flies Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia spp

Clinical Manifestations in People

Undulating fever, hepatosplenomegaly; some have cough, diarrhea, lymphadenopathy, weight loss, petechiae or hemorrhages on mucous membranes, nodular lesions or darkening of skin; pancytopenia; mild cases with only a few signs may resolve on their own, but most other cases fatal if untreated

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See Also:

Cutaneous and mucocutaneous

Parasitic Diseases, Protozoans