Acanthocephaliasis, Macracanthorhynchosis

Parasitic Diseases, Acanthocephalans

Animals Involved

Hosts vary with parasite species; definitive hosts include domestic and wild pigs, rodents, muskrats, arctic foxes, dogs, sea otters, other terrestrial and marine mammals; intermediate hosts are beetles, cockroaches, crustaceans; fish are paratenic hosts

Known Distributions

Worldwide

Probable Means of Spreading

Ingestion of infected beetles, other intermediate hosts, or fish

Clinical Manifestations in People

Gastroenteritis, may lead to gut perforation or intestinal obstruction; some cases asymptomatic

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