Bacterial Diseases
More Information

Animals Involved

Widespread in mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, including domestic species; also in crustaceans; higher­ risk pets for human exposure may include reptiles, amphibians, young poultry, some exotic mammals

Known Distributions


Probable Means of Spreading

Foodborne infection or fecal­oral; some cases of occupational and recreational exposure

Clinical Manifestations in People

Gastroenteritis to sepsis; focal infections possible; especially severe in the elderly, young children, or immunocompromised

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