Bacterial Diseases
More Information

Animals Involved

Numerous mammals, birds, fish, crustaceans

Known Distributions


Probable Means of Spreading

Foodborne, especially unpasteurized dairy products, raw meat and fish, vegetables, processed foods contaminated after processing; ingestion of contaminated water, soil; direct contact with infected animals; nosocomial in hospitals, institutions

Clinical Manifestations in People

Acute, self­limited febrile gastroenteritis or mild, flu­like illness; ocular disease, conjunctivitis; abortion, premature or septicemic newborn if infected during pregnancy; meningitis, meningoencephalitis, septicemia in elderly, immunosuppressed, and infants; papular or pustular rash ± fever, chills in healthy adults after handling infected fetuses

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