Glanders

Bacterial Diseases
More Information

Animals Involved

Equids are reservoirs; felids, many other domesticated and wild mammals also susceptible

Known Distributions

Middle East, Asia, Africa and South America

Probable Means of Spreading

Contact with infected animals, tissues through broken skin, mucous membrane; ingestion; inhalation

Clinical Manifestations in People

Mucous membrane or skin lesions; pneumonia and pulmonary abscess; sepsis; chronic abscesses, nodules, ulcers in many organs, weight loss, lymphadenopathy; case fatality rate varies with form, but >95% in untreated septicemia

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