Brucellosis in Large Animals

Bacterial Diseases
More Information

Animals Involved

Cattle, bison, water buffalo, African buffalo, elk, deer, sheep, goats, camels, South American camelids; other mammalian spillover hosts

Known Distributions

Once worldwide, now eradicated from domestic animals in some countries or regions; reservoirs in wildlife in some disease ­free areas

Probable Means of Spreading

Ingestion (especially unpasteurized dairy products or undercooked meat), contact with mucous membranes and broken skin; strain 19 vaccine

Clinical Manifestations in People

Extremely variable, subacute and undulant to sepsis; often nonspecific febrile illness with drenching sweats early; arthritis, spondylitis, epididymo­orchitis, endocarditis, neurologic, other syndromes if chronic; case fatality 5% in untreated

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See Also:

Brucellosis in Dogs

Bacterial Diseases

Brucellosis in Pigs

Bacterial Diseases